I am a post-doctoral researcher with a wide range of interests in conservation biology. The main focus of my current work is split between the emerging field of conservation marketing and spatial conservation planning.
My research into conservation marketing includes collaborations with market research firms to explore some of these issues. Particularly, the focus of my work will be to understand how attitudes to conservation vary among local communities who encounter conflict with large carnivores on a daily basis.
Borneo has lost over 30% of its forested area since 1973 presenting a major threat for much of Borneo’s biodiversity. In addition to the loss of habitat, deforestation has led to a large increase in forest fragmentation with isolated patches of forest standing like islands in a human dominated landscape. Small isolated populations are more vulnerable to extinction and risk suffering from inbreeding depression.
During my DPhil I modelled the correlates of forest loss across Borneo to produce a map of predicted future deforestation risk. The model was combined with models of clouded leopard distributions to understand how future land use changes might impact population connectivity and gene flow for Borneo’s clouded leopards. Data on clouded leopard distributions is sparse and so the models I prepared during my DPhil were, by necessity, based on expert opinion. However WildCRU hosts a large number of field projects that are amassing an enormous dataset on clouded leopard distributions.
My research involves collaborating with this wider clouded leopard team to integrate empirical field data into our models. Our goal is to develop empirically derived maps of priority areas for clouded leopard conservation, and to use these to develop a holistic conservation plan that maintains population connectivity and gene flow while accounting for local development strategies.
Collins, M., Macdonald, E.A., Clayton, L., Dunggio, I., Macdonald, D.W. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2011a) Wildlife conservation and reduced emissions from deforestation in a case study of Nantu Wildlife Reserve, Sulawesi: 2. An institutional framework for REDD implementation. Environmental Science & Policy, 14, 709–718.
Collins, M.B., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Macdonald, E.A. & Macdonald, D.W. (2011b) Pleiotropy and charisma determine winners and losers in the REDD+ game: all biodiversity is not equal. Tropical Conservation Science, 4, 261–266.
Dickman, A.J., Macdonald, E.A. & Macdonald, D.W. (2011) A review of financial instruments to pay for predator conservation and encourage human–carnivore coexistence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 13937–13944.
Macdonald, E.A., Collins, M., Johnson, P.J., Clayton, L.M., Malhi, Y., Fisher, J.B., et al. (2011) Wildlife conservation and reduced emissions from deforestation in a case study of Nantu National Park, Sulawesi: 1. The effectiveness of forest protection—many measures, one goal. Environmental Science & Policy, 14, 697–708.
Barros, A.E. De, Macdonald, E.A., Matsumoto, M.H., Paula, R.C., Nijhawan, S., Malhi, Y., et al. (2014) Identification of areas in Brazil that optimize conservation of forest carbon, jaguars, and biodiversity. Conservation biology, 28, 580–593.
Dickman, A.J., Hinks, A.E., Macdonald, E.A., Burnham, D. & Macdonald, D.W. (2015) Priorities for global felid conservation. Conservation Biology, 29, 854–864.
Macdonald, E.A., Burnham, D., Hinks, A.E., Dickman, A.J., Malhi, Y. & Macdonald, D.W. (2015) Conservation inequality and the charismatic cat: Felis felicis. Global Ecology and Conservation, 3, 851–866.