Monitoring and identifying Bengal tigers and common leopards in Nepal
The training was part of a new collaborative project to build a database of pictures of Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and common leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) tracks.
Like humans, each tiger and leopard have individual footprints and we can use FIT software to identify them. This is important for monitoring both endangered species on a regular basis in both National Park areas and community buffer zone areas.
This monitoring will contribute towards species conservation plans and conflict reduction management. Both Bengal tigers and common leopards live alongside marginalised communities living inside the community buffer zones and sadly, conflicts do occur between human and felids, and livestock and felids.
The Living with Tigers Project has been working to reduce these conflicts over the past two years and to do this, monitoring both species’ movements in relation to human activities is vital for mapping conflict areas and informing communities of strategies to reduce conflicts.
This new collaboration with Nepal Tiger Trust, WildTrack and the Living with Tigers Project, means that a long term database of tracks collected on a regular basis will be created.
Through the training, we provided capacity building for nineteen local people from Nepal Tiger Trust, staff from Chitwan National Park, local conservationists, and wildlife guides. They learnt the FIT protocol and practiced it during a jungle walk where we found fresh tiger tracks from the night before!
The Living with Tigers Chester Zoo-led project is ran in partnership with Oxford University WildCRU, Green Governance Nepal, National Trust for Nature Conservation and Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, and is funded in part by the Darwin Initiative.