Research

Trans Kalahari Predator Programme

The Trans Kalahari Predator Programme is one of WildCRU’s largest projects, focussed on the lions of Africa, and their interactions with local people. Click the links below to learn more about the different parts of the project, our staff and students, and the project-related publications.

 

Research Areas
Core Lion Research
Transboundary and landscape conservation of lions
Mitigating Human Predator conflict around Hwange National Park

 

Staff

andy_profile
Dr Andrew Loveridge
kristina_profile
Dr Kristina Kesch
dominik_profile
Mr Dominik Bauer
lara_de_sousa_profile
Dr Lara De Sousa

Dr Jane Hunt
Mr Liomba-Mathe Junior

Research students
Ms Moreangels Mbizah 
Mr Lovemore Sibanda
Ms Charlotte Searle

Collaborators
Dr Marion Valeix
Dr Sam Cushman
Ms Laila Bahaa-el-din 

Alumni
Dr Paul Trethowan
Dr Nic Elliot
Dr Byron du Preez 
Dr Zeke Davidson 

Alumni Diploma students
Mr Godfrey Mtare
Mr Tafadzwa Shumba
Mr Edwin Makuwe

 

Publications

Barnier, F., M. Valeix, P. Duncan, S. Charmaille, P. Barr, A. Loveridge, D. W. Macdonald, and H. Fritz. (2014). Diet quality in a wild grazer declines under the threat of an ambush predator. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 281(1785):Article Number: 20140446.

Barthold, J., A. J. Loveridge, D. W. Macdonald, C. Packer, and F. Colchero. (Submitted). Bayesian estimates of male and female African lion mortality for future use in population management. Journal of Applied Ecology.

Benhamou, S., M. Valeix, S. Chamaillé-Jammes, D. W. Macdonald, and A. J. Loveridge. (2014). Movement-based analysis of interactions in African lions. Animal Behaviour 90:171-180.

Courbin, N., A. J. Loveridge, D. W. Macdonald, H. Fritz, M. Valeix, E. T. Makuwe, and S. Chamaillé-Jammes. (Early-access). Reactive responses of zebras to lion encounters shape their predator-prey space game at large scale. Oikos.

Cushman, S. A., N. Elliot, D. W. Macdonald, and A. J. Loveridge. (In press). A multi-scale assessment of population connectivity in African lions (Panthera leo) in response to landscape change. Landscape Ecology.

Davidson, Z. (2009). Lion ecology and socio-spatial impacts of trophy hunting in Zimbabwe. DPhil. University of Oxford, Oxford.

Davidson, Z., M. Valeix, A. J. Loveridge, J. E. Hunt, P. J. Johnson, H. Madzikanda, and D. W. Macdonald. (2012). Environmental determinants of habitat and kill site selection in a large carnivore: scale matters. Journal of Mammalogy 93(3):677-685.

Davidson, Z., M. Valeix, A. J. Loveridge, H. Madzikanda, and D. W. Macdonald. (2011). Socio-spatial behaviour of an African lion population following perturbation by sport hunting. Biological Conservation 144(1):114-121.

Davidson, Z., M. Valeix, F. Van Kesteren, A. Loveridge, J. E. Hunt, F. Murindagomo, and D. W. Macdonald. (2013). Seasonal diet and prey preference of the African lion in a waterhole-driven semi-arid savannah. PLoS ONE 8(2):1-10.

Du Preez, B. (2014). The impact of intraguild competition with lion Panthera leo on leopard Panthera pardus behavioural ecology. DPhil. University of Oxford, Oxford.

Du Preez, B., T. Hart, A. Loveridge, and D. W. Macdonald. (2015). Impact of risk on animal behaviour and habitat transition probabilities. Animal Behaviour 100:22-37.

Du Preez, B., T. Hart, A. J. Loveridge, and D. W. Macdonald. (Submitted). The effect of lion Panthera leo predation risk on leopard Panthera pardus behaviour and habitat transition probabilities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences.

Elliot, N. (2013). The ecology of dispersal in lions (Panthera leo). DPhil. University of Oxford, Oxford.

Elliot, N., S. Cushman, A. Loveridge, and D. W. Macdonald. (2014). Movements vary according to dispersal stage, group size and rainfall: the case of the African lion. Ecology 95(10):2860-2869.

Elliot, N., S. Cushman, D. W. Macdonald, and A. Loveridge. (2014). The devil is in the dispersers: the metrics of landscape connectivity change with demography. Journal of Applied Ecology 51(5):1169-1178.

Elliot, N., M. Mbizah, S. Periquet, S. Mudimba, D. W. Macdonald, and A. Loveridge. (Submitted). Resting at Random: adult lions select for key environmental attributes, while dispersing sub-adults avoid proximity to adult males. Journal of Zoology.

Elliot, N., M. Valeix, D. W. Macdonald, and A. Loveridge. (2014). Social relationships affect dispersal timing revealing a delayed infanticide in African lions. Oikos 123(9):1049-1056.

Kesch, K. M., D. T. Bauer, and A. Loveridge. (2013). Undermining game fences: who is digging holes in Kalahari sands? African Journal of Ecology 52(2):144-150.

Kuiper, T., A. J. Loveridge, D. Parker, J. E. Hunt, B. Stapelkamp, L. Sibanda, and D. W. Macdonald. (In press). Seasonal herding practices influence predation on domestic stock by African lions along a protected area boundary. Biological Conservation.

Loveridge, A. J., G. Hemson, Z. Davidson, and D. W. Macdonald. (2010). African lions on the edge: reserve boundaries as ‘attractive sinks’. Pages 283-304 in D. W. Macdonald, and A. J. Loveridge, editors. The Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., J. E. Hunt, F. Murindagomo, and D. W. Macdonald. (2006). Influence of drought on predation of elephant (Loxodonta africana) calves by lions (Panthera leo) in an African wooded savannah. Journal of Zoology 270(3):523-530.

Loveridge, A. J., T. Lynam, and D. W. Macdonald, editors. (2001). Lion Conservation Research. Workshop 1: survey techniques. WildCRU, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., T. Lynam, and D. W. Macdonald, editors. (2002). Lion Conservation Research Workshop 2: Modelling Conflict. WildCRU and Darwin Initiative, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., T. Lynam, and D. W. Macdonald, editors. (2006). Lion Conservation Research. Workshops 3 & 4: From conflict to Socioecology. WildCRU, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., C. Packer, and A. Dutton. (2009). Science and the recreational hunting of lions. Page 108 in B. Dickson, J. Hutton, and W. M. Adams, editors. Recreational hunting, conservation and rural livelihoods. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., J. C. Reynolds, and E. J. Milner-Gulland. (2006). Does sport hunting benefit conservation? Pages 224-240 in D. W. Macdonald, and K. Service, editors. Key Topics in Conservation Biology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Loveridge, A. J., A. W. Searle, F. Murindagomo, and D. W. Macdonald. (2007). The impact of sport-hunting on the population dynamics of an African lion population in a protected area. Biological Conservation 134(4):548-558.

Loveridge, A. J., M. Valeix, Z. Davidson, and D. W. Macdonald. (Submitted). Hunting for sustainability: demographic and spatial responses of a predator population to differing management regimes. PLoS Biology.

Loveridge, A. J., M. Valeix, Z. Davidson, F. Murindagomo, H. Fritz, and D. W. Macdonald. (2009). Changes in home range size of African lions in relation to pride size and prey biomass in a semi-arid savanna. Ecography 32(6):953-962.

Loveridge, A. J., M. Valeix, N. Elliot, J. E. Hunt, and D. W. Macdonald. (Submitted). Influence of the landscape of anthropogenic mortality risk on a lion population living inside a protected area. Conservation Biology.

Loveridge, A. J., S. W. Wang, L. G. Frank, and J. Seidensticker. (2010). People and wild felids: conservation of cats and management of conflicts. Pages 161-196 in D. W. Macdonald, and A. J. Loveridge, editors. The Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Morandin, C., J. Haglund, G. Segelbacher, A. Loveridge, N. Elliot, and D. W. Macdonald. (2014). Gene flow and immigration: Genetic diversity and population structure of lions (Panthera leo) in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. Conservation Genetics 15(3):697-706

Périquet, S., L. Todd-Jones, M. Valeix, B. Stapelkamp, N. Elliot, M. Wijers, O. Pays, D. Fortin, H. Madzikanda, H. Fritz, D. W. Macdonald, and A. J. Loveridge. (2012). Influence of immediate predation risk by lions on the vigilance of prey of different body size. Behavioral Ecology 23(5):970-976.

Valeix, M., S. Chamaillé-Jammes, A. J. Loveridge, Z. Davidson, J. E. Hunt, H. Madzikanda, and D. W. Macdonald. (2011). Understanding Patch Departure Rules for Large Carnivores: Lion Movements Support a Patch-Disturbance Hypothesis. The American Naturalist 178(2):269-275.

Valeix, M., H. Fritz, A. J. Loveridge, Z. Davidson, J. E. Hunt, F. Murindagomo, and D. W. Macdonald. (2009). Does the risk of encountering lions influence African herbivore behaviour at waterholes? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63(10):1483-1494.

Valeix, M., G. Hemson, A. J. Loveridge, G. Mills, and D. W. Macdonald. (2012). Behavioural adjustments of a large carnivore to access secondary prey in a human-dominated landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology 49(1):73-81.

Valeix, M., A. J. Loveridge, S. Chamaillé-Jammes, Z. Davidson, F. Murindagomo, H. Fritz, and D. W. Macdonald. (2009). Behavioral adjustments of African herbivores to predation risk by lions: Spatiotemporal variations influence habitat use. Ecology 90(1):23-30.

Valeix, M., A. J. Loveridge, Z. Davidson, H. Madzikanda, H. Fritz, and D. W. Macdonald. (2010). How key habitat features influence large terrestrial carnivore movements: waterholes and African lions in a semi-arid savanna of north-western Zimbabwe. Landscape Ecology 25(3):337-351.

Valeix, M., A. J. Loveridge, and D. W. Macdonald. (2012). Influence of prey dispersion on territory and group size of African lions: a test of the resource dispersion hypothesis. Ecology 93(11):2490-2496.