With a background in interdisciplinary environmental science, I joined WildCRU in 2012. The majority of my research is in the regions where lions are most threatened, particularly across West, Central and the Horn of Africa.
Over the last 25 years, I have supported conservation and research projects across the region, trained students and advised government and non-government organisations. My current role is to coordinate conservation research with a focus on the northern lion, working with local partners in Senegal, Cote d’Ivoire, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia and northern Kenya, often in the framework of a National Lion Conservation Action Plan. Examples include Lion Guards programs, children’s bushcamps, large carnivores surveys, livestock damage mitigation, local PhD studies and transboundary lion monitoring. I work predominantly on the northern lion subspecies (Panthera leo leo) distributed across West, Central and the Horn of Africa (e.g. Senegal, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia). A recurrent theme is the difficulty of conservation in these regions that host unique biodiversity but face a conservation crisis due to major political, economic and demographic challenges. In contrast to many countries in southern and eastern Africa the wildlife sector is not well developed, and there is an urgent need for capacity building at local institutions. This work is in collaboration with national governments and partners like National Geographic, German International Cooperation, African Parks Network and the Born Free Foundation.
I was among the first researchers to highlight the threatened status of lions in 2001, and have been involved in conservation debates ever since, with particular momentum gained during the elaboration of the 2005 IUCN Lion Conservation Strategy. I am an author of the IUCN Red List Assessment for the Lion and I was involved in the creation of the African Carnivores Initiative (ACI) in 2019 as a member of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group (SG). The ACI is a forum adopted jointly by CITES (Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species) and CMS (Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species) to provide a structured platform for exchange between policy makers and other stakeholders and supported by the IUCN Cat SG.
I have previously worked at the universities of Leiden (The Netherlands) and Leuven (Belgium); I’m also a Visiting Professor at the universities of Mekele (Ethiopia) and Antwerp (Belgium) and a National Geographic Explorer.
Full list here
Bauer, H., Dickman, A., Chapron, G., Oriol-Cotterill, A., Nicholson, S., Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hunter, L., Lindsey, P. & Macdonald, D. (in press) Threat analysis for more effective lion conservation. Oryx.
Bauer, H., Chardonnet, B., Scholte, P., Kamgang, S.A., Tiomoko, D.A., Tehou, A.C., Sinsin, B., Gebresenbet, F., Asefa, A., Bobo, K.S., Garba, H., Abagana, A.L., Diouck, D., Mohammed A.A. and Sillero-Zubiri, C. (2020) Consider divergent regional perspectives to enhance wildlife conservation across Africa. Nature Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-01343-6
Bauer, H., Chardonnet, B., Jones, M., & Sillero-Zubiri, C. (2019). Trophy hunting: Broaden the debate. Science, 366(6464).
Hans Bauer, Fikirte Gebresenbet, Martial Kiki, Claudio Sillero-Zubiri (2019) Race and Gender Bias in the Research Community on African Lions. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7:24 doi: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00024
Bauer, H., K. Nowell, C. Sillero-Zubiri, D. Macdonald (2018) Lions in the modern arena of CITES. Cons. Lett., e12444.
Lindsey, P.A., Petracca L.S., Funston P.J., Bauer H., Dickman A., Everatt K., Flyman M., Henschel P., Hinks A.E., Kasiki S., Loveridge A., Macdonald D.W., Mandisodza R., Mgoola W., Miller S.M., Nazerali S., Siege L., Uiseb K., Hunter L.T.B. (2017) The performance of African protected areas for lions and their prey. Cons. Bio. 209, 137-149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.01.011
Fikirte Gebresenbet, Brhane Baraki, Gidey Yirga, Claudio Sillero-Zubiri, Hans Bauer (2017) A culture of tolerance: large carnivore coexistence in the Kafa highlands, Ethiopia. Oryx, 52, 751-760. doi:10.1017/S0030605316001356
D. Bertola, H. Jongbloed, K. J. van der Gaag, P. de Knijff, N. Yamaguchi, H. Hooghiemstra, H. Bauer, P. Henschel, P. A. White, C. A. Driscoll, T. Tende, U. Ottosson, Y. Saidu, K. Vrieling & H. H. de Iongh (2016). Phylogeographic Patterns in Africa and High Resolution Delineation of Genetic Clades in the Lion (Panthera leo). Scientific Reports, 6, 30807. http://doi.org/10.1038/srep30807
Bauer, H., G. Chapron, K. Nowell, P. Henschel, P. Funston, L. Hunter, D. Macdonald, C. Packer (2015) Lion (Panthera leo) populations are declining rapidly across Africa, except in intensively managed areas. PNAS 112 (48) 14894-14899. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1500664112
Hans Bauer, Serge Alexis Kamgang, Iris Kirsten, Pricelia Tumenta, Saleh Adam, Philipp Henschel, Claudio Sillero-Zubiri (2015) Large carnivore abundance in the Benoue ecosystem, North Cameroon. Afr. J. Ecol. 54, 235-237.
Gidey Yirga, Ekwal Imam, Hans H. De Iongh, Herwig Leirs, Solomon Kiros, Tesfamichael G/ Yohannes, Mekonen Teferi and Hans Bauer (2014) Local spotted hyena abundance and community tolerance of depredation in human-dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia. Mammalian Biology 79, 325–330.
Packer, C., S. Canney, A. Loveridge, S.T. Garnett, K.K. Zander, G. Balme, H. Bauer, C. Begg, K. Begg, S. Bhalla, R. Bonham, H. Brink, C. Burton, T.M. Caro, B. Clegg, S. Dloniak, L. Frank, P. Funston, R. Groom, B. Heath, T. Hill, L. Hunter, H. DeIonghe, D. Joubert, B. Kissui, W. Knocker, B. Leatham, P.A. Lindsey, S.D. Maclennan, T. MacNutt, K. Nicholls, B. Patterson, A. Plumptre, J. Salerno, R. Slotow, E. Sogbohossou, K. Stratford, C. Winterbach, H. Winterbach (2013) Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence. Ecology Letters 16 (5) 635-641. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12091
Yirga, G., H.H. De Iongh, K. Gebrehiwot, J. Deckers & H. Bauer (2012) Adaptability of large carnivores to changing anthropogenic food sources: diet change of spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) during Christian fasting period in northern Ethiopia. Journal of Animal Ecology, 81, 1052-1055.
Bauer, H., H.H. De Iongh, E. Sogbohossou (2010) Human lion conflict mitigation in West and Central Africa. Mammalia 74, 363-367.
Bauer, H (2003) Local perceptions on Waza National Park, northern Cameroon. Environmental Conservation 30, 175-181.
Bauer, H. (2001) Use of tools by lions in Waza National Park, Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology 39, 317.